Articles

This page contains articles of those honored and West Tennessee facts. Do you have an article that you would like to contribute? Email Carol using the following form at the end of this page.

Articles:

  • City of Jackson, TN honors Lane family with re-interment of slaves
  • Remembering Shelby County Historian Edward Foster Williams, III – (1934-2013)
  • Christian Brothers High School Honors Jesse Turner &  CBHS Was First School to Diversify
  • 2013 Paul R. Coppock Award Recipient – Willy Bearden
  • 2012 Marshall Wingfield Award Recipient – George Browder
  • Jonathan K.T. Smith – the giving historian
  • Harkins Archives Dedicated
  • “Ghosts” of Cowden Avenue—A Neighborhood Memoir from the 1940s and 1950s

Full articles follow:

City of Jackson, TN honors Lane family with re-interment of slaves

???????????????????????????????On February 25, 2014 the City of Jackson, Tennessee honored the family of Bishop Isaac Lane, founder of Lane College, as Bishop Lane’s mother, her sister and five unnamed children’s remains were re-interred beside Bishop Lane’s grave in the city’s Riverside Cemetery. Isaac Lane was born March 4, 1834, in Madison County, Tennessee. Bishop Lane was born a slave on the plantation of Cullen Lane in Madison County, and at age nineteen married Frances Ann Boyce, also a slave, but from Haywood County. In 1870 after freed slaves founded the Colored Methodist Episcopal Church (CME), Lane quickly became a popular minster of the denomination, and in 1872 he was chosen as a bishop. In 1882 Lane founded a Colored Methodist Episcopal Church (CME) school in Jackson.  This school became Lane College. In 1937 Bishop Lane died at the age of 102.

Formerly, Bishop Lane’s mother, Rachel Lane and her sister, Minerva, were buried on the Cullen Lane plantation during slavery time in Madison County. Cullen Lane, the white plantation owner, is thought to be Bishop Lane’s father. When the City purchased the large plat of land to use as an industrial development area, they found out about the possibility of the slave graves being on the land. The city hired an archeological firm to search the grounds for the graves. Rachel’s grave had formerly been marked with a tombstone, but that had been broken and was scattered. The archeological firm did find the remains of Rachel, her sister, Minerva, and 5 unnamed children. After contacting the Lane descendants about the City’s proposal to remove the remains and re-inter them in the oldest city cemetery, Riverside, next to where Bishop Isaac Lane’s grave is and upon approval of the descendants, the City did re-inter the remains.

Linda_at_Lane_CeremonyMadison County Historian Linda J. Higgins, a board member of WTHS, took part in the ceremony by reading the letters from a great, great, great granddaughter, Stephanie Gartman, who was the one who started the quest for the location of Rachel’s grave, and from a fourth great niece of Cullen Lane.

It was only after Ms. Gartman contacted Higgins as the Madison county Historian to help her locate Rachel’s grave that Ms. Higgins began her search and through research of Jonathan Smith’s books and by contacting a family member of the former owner of the land, that she was able to report to Ms. Gartman and the City where the grave was located. The City took it from there, and thanks to the Mayor and the City of Jackson. – Thank you to Linda J. Higgins Madison County Historian for this information

Remembering Shelby County Historian Edward Foster Williams, III – (1934-2013)

ed wmsThe December edition of The Best Times includes an article on Ed Williams by WTHS President Dr. John E. Harkins. Dr. Harkins writes of a life time relationship with Ed and Ed’s numerous contributions to our area’s history. At the time of his death Mr. Williams was  serving as historian for Shelby County, trustee for Bolton College, trustee for Faith Christian Academy, member of Nathan Bedford Forrest Camp 215 Sons of Confederate Veterans, Tennessee Historical Society, West Tennessee Historical Society, and Davies Manor Association Board.

Visit The Best Times website at http://thebesttimes.com/. On stands at many locations across Memphis in December, pick up your copy and enjoy this article.

The WTHS thanks Perre and Percy Magness for their generous donation to the WTHS in memory of Ed Williams

Christian Brothers High School Honors Jesse Turner

jesse turnerChristian Brothers High School was the first high school in Shelby County to integrate with the enrollment of Jesse Turner Jr. as the first African American student on August 26, 1963. The school commemorated this event with a special all-school assembly honoring Mr. Turner and Brother Terence McLaughlin, F.S.C. on Monday, August 26, 2013, 50 years to the day.

View this event by Clicking Here

CBHS Was First School to Diversify

CBHS_purple_crestChristian Brothers High School became the first high school in Memphis to racially integrate its student body. Although this transition took place nearly a decade after the Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka, Kan., Supreme Court decision and although what then was called Christian Brothers College was a “private school,” this dramatic, precedent-setting transition was not an easy one. Brother Terence McLaughlin has recently written and published a detailed account of this milestone, entitled “Silent Acceptance.” Brother Terence was president of the Christian Brothers’ Community here when the integration transition took place. His rendering of the relevant events, in proper context and perspective, is a story of the triumph of Christian fairness and perseverance over the Mid-South’s longstanding tradition of racial segregation. The family involved was that of Jesse H. Turner and his wife Allegra Will Turner. Allegra Turner had attended a Mass at St. Peter’s Catholic Church during the summer of 1962. While there, she picked up leaflets and an application card for what was then the high school department of Christian Brothers’ College. Coincidental to this, some years earlier, Jesse, Jr. had noticed the CBC campus and buildings at the corner of Central and East Parkway South. Finding out that it was a boys’ school and affiliated with his mother’s church, young Jesse announced that he wanted to go there. Although Jesse and Allegra Turner had suffered numerous indignities because of their race, they were determined to secure better life-circumstances for their children. On Aug. 20, 1962, Allegra mailed in Jesse Jr.’s application; it was processed and the Turners were notified of Jesse’s acceptance. All seemed well until the following May, when Tennessee’s Bishop Adrian announced his schedule for the racial integration of Catholic schools in West Tennessee. Under the bishop’s policy of gradual change, the high schools would not be integrated until the fall of 1966. Allegra Turner contacted CBC to find out if the new rules would affect her son’s registration. When Brother Terence wrote a letter to the bishop to inform him that CBC had already accepted a black student, the Brother was surprised and distressed to learn that the bishop and his superintendent of schools for Memphis both disapproved of his action. However, neither of them embraced responsibility for reversing CBC’s decision. A majority of the city’s Catholic clergy may also have opposed accepting blacks at that time. Irrespective, it seemed that CBC was to have little, if any, say in the matter. Brother Terence visited the Turner home and told Allegra frankly where the situation seemed to stand. Subsequently, Jesse and Allegra and her sister met with Msgr. Elliott to discuss the issue further. They seemed to be making no headway until Jesse Turner related that he considered the letter of acceptance to be a contract and, if necessary, he would sue the school for breaching that contract. On July 15, Allegra Turner penned a letter of appeal to the bishop. She summarized their views of the issue and reiterated that, if necessary, her non-Catholic husband (also then president of the Memphis Branch of the NAACP) intended to sue. She asked to receive positive and speedy word that Jesse Jr. would be accepted for the fall term of 1963. And, she got it! Within about 10 days, a letter from the dioceses’ superintendent of education advised CBHS to accept Jesse Jr. as had been initially indicated. Young Jesse embarked on his high school studies at the Parkway campus on Aug. 26, 1963. He became the first African-American student to enter a traditionally segregated Memphis high school, public or private. Jesse Jr. had a stellar academic experience at CBHS, graduating co-salutatorian of his class. His subsequent academic and business careers and his involvements in community service earned him induction into the CBHS Hall of Fame in 1995. CBHS will celebrate its initial racial integration on its 50th anniversary. Today, all 26 schools in the Catholic Diocese of Memphis permit no discrimination. And, ironically, the area’s bishop for the last 20 years has been African American J. Terry Steib. – John Harkins

John Harkins is archivist at Memphis University School and president of the West Tennessee Historical Society.

2013 Paul R. Coppock Award Recipient – Willy Bearden

willy-beardenThe Paul R. Coppock Award is presented by The West Tennessee Historical Society to an individual or organization for outstanding contribution to the area’s history. The award is chosen by the WTHS Board.The award is named for Paul R. Coppock, journalist-historian, who brilliantly chronicled our area’s past and contributed broadly to other spheres of civic betterment. Mr. Coppock’s career spanned 54 years at The Commercial Appeal, 1927-81. As night editor from 1946-67 he wrote the highly regarded column, “The Night Desk”. In that setting, The CA’s editors attempted to answer any question their readers might ask, building Paul’s encyclopedic store of local lore. Prior to his 1972 “retirement,” he began writing his longer and meatier weekly column, “Mid-South Memoirs.” During that time, he compiled dozens of his strongest articles into two, hardback anthologies, Memphis Sketches and Memphis Memoirs.  After his death in 1983, his wife Helen had the rest of his historical newspaper writings published as the four-volume series, Paul R. Coppock’s Mid South. Paul’s six books contain hundreds of vignettes, and are considered the broadest and best source of popular Mid-South history.

Our 2013 recipient of the Paul R. Coppock Award is Willy Bearden who is a masterful and spellbinding storyteller. He uses state-of-the art techniques to interpret and popularize our area’s history. His stories resonate with his audiences and they inspire us to learn and to enjoy our local history beyond any other resource currently available. Mr. Bearden’s mission is to educate. He does much of his educational work gratis and inspires others to do likewise. His works include historical documentaries, education, business and training productions, as well as the production of meetings, conventions and live events.

The Willy Bearden Company has produced shows from San Diego, CA, to Amsterdam, Netherlands, including, since 1998, The Blues Music Awards – Blues Foundation show, The Blues Hall of Fame in Washington D.C., and The Blues Lifetime Achievement awards at the House of Blues in Los Angeles.

The company has been contracted to “tell the story” for many of the South’s museums and interpretive centers. The Biloxi Lighthouse, The Tunica River Park, The Cotton Museum at the Memphis Cotton Exchange, The Elvis Presley Birthplace Museum in Tupelo, and the Pleasant Reed House in Biloxi, Mississippi.

Mr. Bearden has authored three books on Memphis history: Overton Park, Cotton: From Southern Fields to the Memphis Market, and “Memphis Blues: Birthplace of a Music Tradition.”

He has also worked to elevate the industry in the Memphis area by serving on the Governor’s Advisory Council for the Tennessee Film, Music and Entertainment Commission, the Board of Governors of National Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences, the Board of Directors for Park Friends, Inc., founding member of The Delta Symposium, and as the past President of the Tennessee Organization of Producer Services.

In 2010 Willy’s feature film “One Came Home”, which he wrote, produced and directed, was filmed at the Davies Manor Plantation. Set in 1946, where a New Yorker with a secret has come to visit a family of women — mother, sister, widow — still mourning the dead soldier who, according to the “Yankee,” was a friend and brother on the battlefield.

Bearden’s Memphis Legacy Project is devoted to recording today by video and photos for future generations. This project has increased the digital archives collection at the Memphis Public Library with thousands of images.

These are just a few examples of Mr. Bearden’s work and I am sure that there are many more in the making.  The WTHS is proud to acknowledge this outstanding individual, Willy Bearden for his accomplishments.

2012 Marshall Wingfield Award Recipient – George Browder

The 2012 recipient is George C. Browder for his article “Robert V. Richardson and the First Tennessee Regiment of Partisan Rangers.” Since 1973, The Marshall Wingfield Award is presented by The West Tennessee Historical Society to the contributor of the article chosen by the Executive Committee as being the best of those printed in each number of The West Tennessee Historical Society Papers.

George C. Browder, Professor of History Emeritus at State University of New York at Fredonia, received a B.S. from Memphis State University; and M.A. and Ph.D. from University of Wisconsin, Madison.  His specialties were modern European history with publications on police and security agencies, specifically those of Weimar and Nazi Germany.  Research was supported by the Ford Foundation, National Endowment for the Humanities, New York State Research Foundation and U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum.  He also did field work in former Soviet archives for collections of the archive of the Holocaust Museum.  He retired in 2000, settling in Germantown.  After serving a while on the Germantown Historical Commission, he accepted a challenge to do the research necessary to document Civil War historic markers for the city.  The result has been a shift of research and writing into local history.

The West Tennessee Historical Society is grateful to Mr. Browder for his submission and congratulates him on his outstanding contribution.

Click Publications and Papers at the top of the page to view past winners and their contributions.

Jonathan Smith Recognized by the West Tennessee Historical Society

The West Tennessee Historical Society is proud to recognize Jonathan K. T. Smith for his longstanding and outstanding contributions to our area’s history. Mr. Smith’s unending devotion to history is only overshadowed by his generosity of donating his works to individuals and repositories he feels would benefit from them. The following is a testament to and description of some of his achievements. Thank you Mr. Smith.

Jonathan K.T. Smith – the giving historian

By Linda J. Higgins, Editor, Madison County Historian, Assisted by Jack Wood, Tennessee Room Librarian

In the Tennessee County History Series volume, Benton County by Jonathan K. T. Smith, Esq. (Memphis, TN: Memphis State University Press, 1979) the following is printed about the author:

Jonathan Kennon Thompson Smith was born May 8, 1939, in a suburb of Camden, Tennessee, a son of Herschel Kennon Smith and his wife Dorothy McGrady-Smith, and only living grandson of Cassie Hardin and James Patrick McGrady.  He is descended from some of the earliest Benton County families. He took his B.S. from George Peabody College for teachers in August of 1960. He earned his M.A. from Memphis State University in August of 1962. Jonathan K.  T. Smith has been a successful elementary teacher for many years in the public schools of Shelby County, Tennessee. On February 14, 1978, he was awarded an honorary life membership by the Tennessee Congress of Parents and Teachers through the Bartlett, Tennessee, school where he had taught for a decade. This award was in recognition of his “devoted and distinguished services to children and youth.” He has participated in numerous professional activities as an educator, genealogist, and historian. A genealogist since 1952, Smith completed the genealogical institute of the National Archives and American University in 1957. He was the protégé of Mary B.B. Crouch, who sponsored his early genealogical studies. In 1968, a collection of his local history and genealogical papers was established in the manuscript collection of Duke University Library in Durham, North Carolina. Jonathan K. T. Smith is the author of several monographic studies on Benton County, Tennessee. He has been Benton County Historian since November 19, 1973, as recognized by the County Board of Commissioners. On November 8, 1965, Letters-Patent were issued to Jonathan Smith, an Anglo-American, through the Lyon Court of Scotland, ennobling him. A Unitarian, he has been interested in philosophy in addition to his concern for history and genealogy. Benton County is home for Jonathan Smith although he has resided since 1960 in Memphis, Tennessee, where he has pursued his professional career.

Jack Wood, Tennessee Room Librarian at the Jackson/Madison County Library, said “Research has been Jonathan’s life.”  He has researched many historical topics and transcribed enumerable records from several counties in West Tennessee and has done extensive work in Madison County.  Mr. Smith has been very active as a researcher in Jackson since the late 1980s and started producing Madison County books in 1992, including the following three titles: Historical Configurations of the Magisterial Districts of Madison County, Tennessee; Adam Rankin Alexander, A Life Sketch; and My Riverside Cemetery Tombstone Inscriptions Scrapbook. 

In the front of Historical Configurations he acknowledged all the people and institutions that had helped him. This paragraph exhibits his graciousness and his lack of self-centered attention. He never claims to be the originator of anything. All of his books are self-published, and, as Mr. Wood stated, “he has never asked for any money for any of his books and research.”  He donated copies to individuals and repositories he felt would benefit most from them.

Most everyone remembers him for the work he’s done as a very skilled cemetery researcher. A series of books that he published about Riverside Cemetery in Jackson is very well known and used by many people. The first book titled My Riverside Cemetery Tombstone Inscriptions Scrapbook (1992) was followed by six more volumes. The final Volume VII was published in 1995. In 1998 he published a cumulative summary titled, Tombstone Inscriptions in Historic Riverside Cemetery in Jackson, Tennessee.

He has published inscriptions for the Black Cemeteries in Madison, Crockett, Haywood, Henderson, Gibson, Chester, Carroll and Benton counties, as well as some antebellum tombstones in Carroll Co.  Mr. Wood estimates that Mr. Smith has done about 50-60 volumes on Madison County alone. These include abstracts of 19th and early 20th century county records, such as wills, deeds and court minutes.  One volume abstracts all of the death notices appearing in extant 19th century Jackson, Tennessee newspapers.  There are seven volumes abstracting Henderson County records, which are very helpful because of that county’s loss of records.  Mr. Smith has written extensively about his home county of Benton as well as Shelby County.  In addition he has published about 35-40 books that are abstracts from Tennessee newspapers including the Nashville Christian Advocate.

Mr. Smith is known throughout the country by family researchers, archivists, librarians and other historians.   Jonathan K.T. Smith is truly an unselfish and giving historian who wants everybody to have access to the historical records that he has seen, transcribed, and abstracted.

Harkins Archives Dedicated

Long standing member and current president of the WTHS, Dr. John E. Harkins is honored for his dedicated work of the Memphis University School Archives.

The Memphis University School archives are now the Harkins Archives, named in honor of school Archivist and Historian Dr. John E. Harkins. At a dedication ceremony in the Joseph R. Hyde, Jr. Library Learning Center May 7, family and friends gathered to celebrate Harkins’ contributions during 30 years at MUS, including his role as a history instructor, chairman of the History Department, Ross M. Lynn Chair of History, and author of the MUS Century Book.

During the dedication Harkins expressed his appreciation for the honor and for the school’s “truly marvelous institutional archives. … I had the privilege of going through everything in the archives when I was working on the Century Book,” he said. “I am really appreciative of what a splendid job this school has done in holding on to its documentary past.”  MUS is a college preparatory school for boys founded in the fall of 1893.

“The very same characteristics that made John an excellent teacher and faculty member – his intellectual honesty, his insatiable desire to learn, his willingness to put the school above his personal interests, his great knowledge of history, and his collegiality – make him an excellent archivist, as well,” Headmaster Ellis Haguewood said.

johnPictured L to R: Dr. John E. Harkins, Mrs. Georgia Harkins and Jim Russell

A generous donation by David O. Sacks, MUS class of 1990, former COO of Paypal and CEO of Yammer, made this dedication a reality. Mr. Sacks sent a letter expressing his sentiments, which Haguewood read to the gathering:“Dr. Harkins once told me that MUS, history, and his devoted wife, Georgia, are the three great passions of his life, and so the Harkins Archives represents two of those. I expect Georgia is present today to make it a hat trick.I was very fortunate during my time at MUS to have Dr. Harkins as a teacher and adviser. We got to know each other well during my senior year when I was editor of the yearbook and he was the faculty adviser. … His unwavering support, encouragement, and guidance helped give me the confidence to lead not just that endeavor but large creative plaque harkinsenterprises in the future. Looking back, these experiences were remarkably similar. I guess there’s a reason they call it a “preparatory school” – it actually prepares you for life, often in ways that are not apparent at the time. That’s why teachers like Dr. Harkins are so important. Whether through his diligent pursuit of Memphis history or his long hours spent in the archives organizing MUS history, Dr. Harkins has always gone above and beyond. I can count on one hand the number of people who have made as significant a contribution to my own life as he has. I want to thank Dr. Harkins for all that he has done for me, and I’m grateful to MUS for providing this opportunity to honor him today.”

We of the West Tennessee Historical Society are proud to count Dr. Harkins as a true and valued member and offer our sincere congratulations.

WTHS CHALLENGES YOUNG PEOPLE TO PRESERVE HISTORY

Join the West Tennessee Historical Society (WTHS) in Today for Tomorrow, a documentation project created to inspire young people in the 21 counties of West Tennessee to take an active role in preserving the region’s history. Participants are encouraged to taking digital photographs of their neighborhoods including buildings, historic sites, natural landmarks, bridges, railroads, family gatherings, and community activities.

photography_450 leftThe WTHS will collect the photographs which will become part of the WTHS archives housed at the Special Collections Department of the University of Memphis. These will be shared with universities, state, local, and school libraries available to researchers, historians, filmmakers, artists, and community members.

“The images generated by the Today For Tomorrow project will be an important and permanent enhancement to the holdings of the West Tennessee Historical Society and the Mississippi Valley Collection of the University of Memphis Library,” said Edwin Frank, assistant professor and curator of special collections. “I am pleased to be part of an endeavor that will help document our region’s history by drawing in young people as active participants.”

Today for Tomorrow is based on the Memphis Legacy Project created by Memphis author and filmmaker Willy Bearden, who has contributed over 7,000 photographs of present-day Memphis to the Memphis Public Library & Information Center’s digital archive.

Over 70 high schools in West Tennessee were invited to participate in the Today for Tomorrow project.

Although this project is suggested for high school students, anyone can participate individually or as a group, from student to adult, either as participant or supporter. The WTHS also encourages members of youth groups, community organizations, and summer camps to submit photographs. Consider sending your photographs to WTHS to be archived for future generations. For more details, contact Carol Perel Executive Director at 901.276.7154.

Click Here for information on program, process, and contact information.

“Ghosts” of Cowden Avenue—A Neighborhood Memoir from the 1940s and 1950s

john protraitBy John Harkins

            In the decade following World War II, Cowden Ave., east of Highland St. seemed an almost magical place. According to a local newspaper article in the early 1950s, it had more children than any other single-block street in Memphis. Still considered “way out east” in 1944, residents rode two buses to get downtown. Its relative remoteness, plus a dearth of home construction during the Depression and the war, seems to have added to the neighborhood’s cohesiveness.

Following my father’s death in 1943, my mother sold our two-story clapboard Victorian family home in south Memphis and purchased a newer, three-bedroom brick bungalow at 3528 Cowden. My four brothers and I grew up there, under the generally benevolent rule of three strong minded women: our mother, Helen Fay Harkins; our father’s mother, Margaret Lillis Harkins; and a live-in African American adjunct family member named Sally Murray Wadley.

The impact of familiar places on our memories, collective or individual, is axiomatic. Consequently, I can rarely drive on Poplar or Central near the University of Memphis without detouring along Cowden Avenue between Highland and Patterson streets. Nearly every lot or structure resurrects recollections, sometimes vague, more often quite vivid.

Perhaps the defining aspect of our neighborhood was the number of wooded vacant lots that comprised our significant play areas. The lots south and east of the current Lutheran Tower facing onto Highland were both open fields, with the remnants of apple, peach, and perhaps plum orchards where they came together. The area had plenty of birds, squirrels, and field rabbits as targets for kids homemade or Wham-o sling shots. Of course, the area’s boys also chopped down trees, constructed forts, dug foxholes, and played war games like “Bonzai” in the aftermath of WW II.  There were many acres of open land at the Poplar and Highland intersection into the late 1940s.

Near the eastern end of Cowden, on the south side of the street, was a large open area owned by the Goldschmid Family, whose home faced onto Central Ave. The two Goldschmid boys, Jack and Jimmy, were very much involved in scouting and other youth activities. They even had a wallboard for practicing climbing skills and a caged area of exotic birds like pheasant. The Goldsmiths made all of us neighborhood urchins welcome to play in their unofficial private park. Numerous games of pick up football and baseball were played there, until eventually infill construction forced us across Central Avenue to a large lot behind Dr. Walker’s home (about where Richardson Tower stands now). By then, however, the neighborhood’s kids were maturing and with older ones moving on to college, military service, and careers. In 1956, I finished high school, joined the Navy, and saw some of the world. However, over nearly six decades since then, my conviction that there was something special about our Cowden environment and its denizens has only grown.

About a year ago, childhood neighbor Jimmy Crosthwait and I met for lunch at the Elegant Farmer, on the corner of Cowden and Highland. Then we strolled along the street, reliving memories of whom had lived where and done what. There had been 50-odd kids on that one block, with boys outnumbering girls.  We had Jim and Ann Smith, 5 Harkins boys, 3 Harrisons, 2 Goodman sons, Gene Stout, TJ Oden, 4 Foster children, 3 Allen kids, Elizabeth Lemmon, 3 or 4 Spences, 4 Wades, Donna Tally, Bobby Fisher, Marilyn Means, June and Bud Shiro, 3 Hutters, Eddie and Jimmy Crosthwait, 2 Thomas girls, Jimmy Weir, Elliot Anderson, 2 Tutwiler girls, 3 Hudson  girls, the 3 Gaither boys, Carter Sanford, Joe and Maxine Baum, Dana and James Curtis, Bill Hart and the 3 Willys. The Willys’ house actually faced Highland, but Cowden was also a magnet for kids from nearby Highland, Central, Central Cove, Windover Road, Ridgefield Road, Patterson, and Deloach. Moreover, we all lived in easy walking or biking distance to the Pink Palace Museum, the small lakes in Chickasaw Gardens, Galloway Golf Course, the Plaza, Normal, and Park picture shows, and the absolutely terrific sledding at the MLG&W water pumping station on the east side of the Memphis State Campus.

Who says “you can’t go home again?’

 

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